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Welcome to the Fake News LibGuide!
As a citizen, you are both a consumer and a creator of news. You should always verify information before spreading it (on social media or by word of mouth), or before using it in a college assignment. Learn more about news and fake news below including how to recognize FAKE NEWS.
Types of Fake News
You might be able to add more types of Fake News to this list, but the main types are these:
When in doubt about the validity of a news source, use a CRAAPP test!
The original CRAAPP Test
Use this test for websites and news sites. If you can't answer a question, or if your answer to a question is 'no,' be suspicious about that site or article!
CRAAPP II for Articles
Use this CRAAPP test for popular or scholarly articles, either from the Library databases or in print. Again, if you can't answer a question on the test, you should be suspicious about that source.
Are you looking for a topic for a research paper or speech?
If you are considering topics for an assignment, maybe a research paper or speech, why not choose something related to Fake News. You will find many resources and ideas on this page and in the Library's databases. (Try Opposing Viewpoints!) Here are some ideas:
- Fake News
- Information Literacy
- Critical Thinking
- Emotional Contagion
- Backfire Effect
- Confirmation Bias
Do you have any other ideas to add? Email me using the link under my picture to the right>>>>>>>>>
How Fake News Does Real Harm
Journalist Stephanie Busari has a compelling perspective on fake news...
Just because a news story is repeated, you shouldn't assume it is Real!
Evaluating Bias in News Sources
Please take a look at this fine infographic which shows the reliability and bias of various news sources. Which would you want to use for your assignment? Watch the video or click on the link to go to the image. By the way, although this infographic went viral from the Imgur website, it was actually created by a lawyer named Vanessa Otero who can be reached here: https://www.facebook.com/vanessa.otero.9619
Updated Media Bias Chart
This is an updated version of the Media Bias Chart in the video here. The principles described in the video still apply, but there's more content in the chart.
The (Honest) Truth About Dishonesty by Dan Ariely
Some forces drive us to be honest, and some not so much.
The Righteous Mind by Jonathan Haidt
Recommended reading from Bill Adair, founder of Politifact
Thinking Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman
This Nobel laureate helps us think critically.
A Field Guide to Lies by Daniel Levitin
From the same author who brought us "This is your Brain on Music"
Bunk: The Rise of Hoaxes, Humbug, Plagiarists, Phonies, Post-Facts, and Fake News by Kevin Young
A fascinating read by the New Yorker poetry editor, Director of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, and leading thinker.
Beyond Fake News--Peer-to-Peer Review (Library Journal)
This is an article from Library Journal written by a community college librarian.
Common Sense Media: How to Spot Fake News
An article on how to teach "kids" about Fake News
How to Avoid Getting Duped by Overblown Health Claims (Quartz)
This article from Quartz examines Fake News in the Health field.
Sometimes Facts Can Actually Trump Ideology (Scientific American)
A relatively-recent article from Scientific American which looks at Fake News through a Behavioral Science lens.
Hemingway Didn't Say That
Find out the real origins of commonly misattributed quotes, written by Garson O'Toole.
Sites to help you distinguish Fake News from Real News
This Pulitzer-Prize-winning site will help you recognize Fake News dealing with politics.
Check out the Punditfact Truth-O-Meter!
The Poynter Institute
Poynter is the home of the International Fact-Checking Network. Sign up for their newsletter and take their free online courses.
Use Snopes for lots of fact-checking: Fake News, social media stories, and rumors.
Is that 'current event' real? Get the story here.
TV News Archive
Fact-checking for TV news.
Check your Fake News knowledge with this game. It really is fun and challenging.